Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet:

24h / 365days

We offer support for our customers

Mon - Fri 8:00am - 5:00pm (GMT +1)

Get in touch

Cybersteel Inc.
376-293 City Road, Suite 600
San Francisco, CA 94102

Have any questions?
+44 1234 567 890

Drop us a line

About us

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetuer adipiscing elit.

Aenean commodo ligula eget dolor. Aenean massa. Cum sociis natoque penatibus et magnis dis parturient montes, nascetur ridiculus mus. Donec quam felis, ultricies nec.


In situ flow NMR setups

In situ flow NMR setups

We offer an operando flow cell and an on-line flow cell setup that are suited for researching redox flow batteries and related chemistries. These setups are provided in collaboration with Dr. Evan W. Zhao (Grey lab, Cambridge, UK) and include all (customised) hardware and the respective user training. Please do not hesitate to contact us for details or if you wish to discuss options.


Operando flow cell setup

operando flow setup

  • Plastic cell capsule: three plastic parts for catholyte, anolyte compartments and a capsule (OD 9.9 mm); encapsulated to hold cell parts in place and produce pressure
  • Tubes and tube connectors that flow electrolytes in and out of the cell
  • Suited for solution NMR probe ID 10 mm; options for other probes/sizes to be discussed
  • Sealing: reusable O-rings and two-component glue
  • Current collectors: Au, Al and Cu wires


On-line flow cell setup

on-line flow setup

  • Flow sampling tube and adaptors for connection to the flow battery system
  • Size of the sampling tube and the position of inlet and outlet can be customized based on the NMR probe
  • Suited for solution NMR probe ID 5 and 10 mm; options for other probes to be discussed
  • Tubes that flow electrolytes in and out of the cell
  • Options include laboratory-scale flow battery,Carbon paper electrodes, ion transport membranes, glass fibre separator sheets, pump systems, and electrolyte glass containers


Further readings / applications

Zhao, E.W., Liu, T., Jónsson, E. et al. In situ NMR metrology reveals reaction mechanisms in redox flow batteries. Nature 579, 224–228 (


Copyright 2022 NMR Service GmbH. All Rights Reserved.